An early pioneer woman of northern Minnesota, Justine was an integral part of the shaping of the Gunflint Trail, as well as founder of the Gunflint Lodge. Justine contributed articles to the Grand Marais newspaper, as well as several well-known and well-read publications: Gunflint: Reflections on the Trail, Woman of the Boundary Waters, A Life in Two Worlds. She learned to drive dog teams, to hunt and fish, to guide canoe trips. She built furniture, dug wells, installed plumbing, and strung telephone and electrical lines.
Justine's early neighbors were local Ojibwe Indians from whom she learned much. Justine will long be remembered for her wonderful contributions to northern Minnesota as well as her literary gifts. I simply cannot describe the personal meaning with which she has enriched my life. I would truly love to see Justine recognized as part of Minnesota's rich history.
~Lori Manning, Stillwater, MN